UP Police Constable Exam Indian History Questions

These are the Certain Set of Questions which is being asked in UP Police Constable Exam

1. Ashoka called the Third Buddhist
Council at
(1) Pataliputra (2) Magadha
(3) Kalinga (4) Sarnath

2. The tutor of Alexander, the Great
(1) Darius (2) Cyrus
(3) Socrates (4) Aristotle

3. Which of the following literary
works belongs to classical Sanskrit literature?
(1) Dhammapada
(2) Vedas
(3) Meghadutam
(4) Dighanikaya

4. Who propounded the ‘Eight-Fold
Path’ for the end of misery of
mankind ?
(1) Mahavir
(2) Gautam Buddha
(3) Adi Shankaracharya
(4) Kabir

5. The number system ‘Zero’ was
invented by
(1) Ramanujam
(2) Aryabhatta
(3) Patanjali
(4) An unknown person

6. ‘Charak’ was the famous court
physician of
(1) Harsha
(2) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(3) Ashoka
(4) Kanishka

7. Buddhism made an important
impact by allowing two sections
of society into its fold. They were
(1) Merchants and Priests
(2) Moneylenders and Slaves
(3) Warriors and Traders
(4) Women and Sudras

8. The language used to write
source materials in ancient time
(1) Sanskrit (2) Pali
(3) Brahmi (4) Kharosthi

9. India’s trade with the Roman
Empire came to an end with the
invasion of Rome by the
(1) Arabs (2) Hungarians
(3) Hunas (4) Turks

10. Most of the chola temples were
dedicated to
(1) Ganesh (2) Shiva
(3) Durga (4) Vishnu

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(2)
5.(2) 6.(4) 7.(4) 8.(2)
9.(3) 10.(2)

Explaination: 10. (4) Excavations at Chanhudaro have revealed three
different cultural layers from lowest to the top being
Indus culture, the Jhukar culture and the Jhangar
culture. The site is especially important for providing
evidences about different Harappan factories. These
factories produced seals, toys and bone implements.
It was the only Harappan city without a citadel.

11. (1) The Third Buddhist council was convened in about
250 BCE at Asokarama in Pataliputra, supposedly
under the patronage of Emperor Asoka. The traditional reason for convening the Third Buddhist Council is reported to have been to rid the Sangha of corruption and bogus monks who held heretical views.
It was presided over by the Elder Moggaliputta Tissa
and one thousand monks participated in the Council.

12. (4) Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a
student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s teacher),
Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle’s writings were
the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics,
logic, science, politics, and metaphysics. Aristotle was
invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to
his son Alexander in 343 BC. Aristotle was appointed
as the head of the royal academy of Macedon. During
that time he gave lessons not only to Alexander, but
also to two other future kings: Ptolemy and Cassander. Aristotle encouraged Alexander toward eastern

13. (3) Meghadutam (cloud messenger) is a lyric poem
written by Kalidasa, considered to be one of the greatest Sanskrit poets. In Sanskrit literature, the poetic
conceit used in the Meghadutam spawned the genre
of sandesha kavya or messenger poems, most of
which are modeled on the Meghaduta (and are often
written in the Meghaduta’s mandakranta metre)

14. (2) The Noble Eightfold Path is one of the principal
teachings of the Buddha, who described it as the way
leading to the cessation of suffering (dukkha) and the
achievement of self-awakening. It is used to develop
insight into the true nature of phenomena (or reality)
and to eradicate greed, hatred, and delusion. The Noble
Eightfold Path is the fourth of the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths; the first element of the Noble Eightfold
Path is, in turn, an understanding of the Four Noble
Truths. It is also known as the Middle Path or Middle

15. (2) The concept of zero as a number and not merely a
symbol for separation is attributed to India, where,
by the 9th century AD, practical calculations were
carried out using zero, which was treated like any
other number, even in case of division. The credit for
inventing ‘zero (0)’ goes to Indian mathematicians and
the number zero first appears in a book about ‘arithmetic’ written by an Indian mathematician ‘Brahamagupta’. Zero signifies ‘nothing’ and the current definition calls it an ‘additive identity’. The Indian mathematicians Bhaskara, Mahavira and Brahamagupta
worked on this new number and they tried to explain
its properties. It wasn’t that somebody suddenly came
up with the idea of the zero and the mathematicians
throughout the world accepted it. Around 500 AD,
Aryabhatta, an Indian mathematician, devised a numbers system and the symbol he used for the number
zero was also the number used to represent an unknown element (x).

16. (4) Charaka was one of the principal contributors to
the ancient art and science of Ayurveda, a system of
medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India. He
is referred to as the Father of Medicine. The life and
times of Charaka are not known with certainty. Some
Indian scholars have stated that Charaka of Charaka
Samhita existed before Panini, the grammarian, who
is said to have lived before the sixth century B. C.
Another school argues that Patanjali wrote a commentary on the medical work of Charaka. They say that if
Patanjali lived around 175 B.C., Charaka must have
lived some time before him. Another source about the
identity of Charaka and his times is provided by the
French orientalist Sylvan Levi. He discovered in the
Chinese translation of the Buddhist Tripitaka, a per-
son named Charaka who was a court physician to the
Indo-Scythian king Kanishka, who in all probability
reigned in the second century A.D. From the above
discussion, it would seem that Charaka may have lived
between the second century B.C. to the second century A.D.

17. (4) Buddha was against caste. His religion was open
to all, to shudras, women and even repentant criminals. The Buddhist scriptures were available to all
men and women. Buddhism encouraged abolition of
distinctions in society and strengthened the principle
of social equality.

18. (2) Pali is a Middle Indo-Aryan language (of Prakrit
group) of the Indian subcontinent. It is best known
as the language of many of the earliest extant Buddhist scriptures, as collected in the Pali Canon or
Tipitaka, and as the liturgical language of Theravada
Buddhism. T. W. Rhys Davids in his book Buddhist
India, and Wilhelm Geiger in his book Pali Literature
and Language, suggested that Pali may have originated as a form of lingua franca or common language of
culture among people who used differing dialects in
North India, used at the time of the Buddha and employed by him.

19. (3) Roman trade with India started around the beginning of the Common Era following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt. Following the RomanPersian Wars Khosrow I of the Persian Sassanian
Dynasty captured the areas under the Roman Byzantine Empire. The Arabs, led by ‘Amr ibn al-’As, crossed
into Egypt in late 639 or early 640 C.E. That advance
marked the beginning of the Islamic conquest of Egypt
and the fall of ports such as Alexandria, used to secure trade with India by the Greco Roman world since
the Ptolemaic dynasty. The decline in trade saw Southern India turn to Southeast Asia for international trade,
where it influenced the native culture to a greater
degree than the impressions made on Rome. The
Hunas invaded the Roman Empire under Attila the
Hun in 454 C.E.

10. (2) Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to
Shiva. The great living Chola temples are important
Hindu kovils that were built during the 10th-12th
centuries in the South India. In all these temples, the
chief deity who has been depicted and worshipped is
Lord Shiva.

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