Indian Ancient History Questions asked in BPSC Exam

All these Questions were being in the Previous Years of BPSC Bihar public Service Commission Exams

  1. The great silk-route to the Indians was opened by :
    1) Kanishka (2) Ashoka
    (3) Harsha (4) Fa-Hien
    Ans: (1)
  2. The rulers of which dynasty
    started the practice of granting
    tax-free villages to Brahmanas
    and Buddhist Monks?
    (1) Satavahanas (2) Mauryas
    (3) Guptas (4) Cholas
    Ans: (1)
  3. The most important text of vedic
    mathematics is :
    (1) Satapatha Brahman
    (2) Atharva Veda
    (3) Sulva Sutras
    (4) Chhandogya Upanishad
    Ans: (3)
  4. Yavanika or curtain was
    introduced in Indian theatre by
    which of the following?
    (1) Shakas (2) Parthians
    (3) Greeks (4) Kushans
    Ans: (3)
  5. Who started the Saka Era which
    is still used by the Government
    of India?
    (1) Kanishka
    (2) Vikramaditya
    (3) Samudra Gupta
    (4) Asoka
    Ans: (1)
  6. What inspired the paintings of
    Ajanta ?
    (1) Compassionate Buddha
    (2) Radha-Krishan Leela
    (3) Jain Thirthankaras
    (4) Mahabharata encounters
    Ans: (1)
  7. Who among the following was the
    first to invade India ?
    (1) Xerxes (2) Alexander
    (3) Darius-I (4) Seleucus
    Ans: (3)
  8. Which among the following is the
    oldest dynasty ?
    (1) Maurya (2) Gupta
    (3) Kushan (4) Kanva
    Ans: (1)
  9. With which of the following is the
    classic “Jivaka Chintamani” in
    Tamil associated ?
    (1) Jainism (2) Buddhism
    (3) Hinduism (4) Christianity
  10. Where did Lord Buddha breathe
    his last?
    (1) Rajgir (2) Bodh Gaya
    (3) Sarnath (4) Kushinagar
    Ans: (2)
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Indian History MCQ

All these Indian History Questions were asked in various competitive exams like UPSC UPPSC, MPSC, RPSC, JPSC, BPSC, SSC, Railways

  1. Which among the following chronology is correct regarding four
    ‘samvatas’ ?
    (1) Gupta–Gregorian–Hizri–Saka
    (2) Gregorian–Saka–Hizri–Gupta
    (3) Saka–Gregorian–Hizri–Gupta
    (4) Hizri–Gupta–Gregorian–Saka
    Ans: (2)
  2. The home of Gargi, Maitrey, and
    Kapila was at
    (1) Vidisha (2) Ujjain
    (3) Pataliputra (4) Mithila
    Ans: (4)
  3. Which area of India was known
    as Avantika in ancient times ?
    (1) Avadh (2) Ruhelkhand
    (3) Bundelkhand (4) Malwa
    Ans: (4)
  4. The Social System of the Harappans was :
    (1) Fairly egalitarian
    (2) Slave-Labour based
    (3) Colour (Varna) based
    (4) Caste based
    Ans: (1)
  5. Which of the following Vedas provides information about the civilisation of the Early Vedic Age?
    (1) Rig-veda (2) Yajur-veda
    (3) Atharva-veda (4) Sama-veda
    Ans: (1)
  6. The university which became famous in the post-Gupta Era was :
    (1) Kanchi (2) Taxila
    (3) Nalanda (4) Vallabhi
    Ans: (3)
  7. Banabhatta was the court poet
    of which emperor ?
    (1) Vikramaditya
    (2) Kumaragupta
    (3) Harshavardhana
    (4) Kanishka
    Ans: (3)
  8. The first Indian ruler, who established the supremacy of Indian
    Navy in the Arabian Sea was :
    (1) Rajaraja I (2) Rajendra I
    (3) Rajadhiraja I (4) Kulottunga I
    Ans: (1)
  9. Which statement on the Harappan Civilisation is correct?
    (1) Horse sacrifice was known
    to them.
    (2) Cow was sacred to them.
    (3) ‘Pashupati’ was venerated by
    (4) The culture was not generally
    Ans: (4)
  10. The First Tirthankara of the
    Jains was :
    (1) Arishtanemi (2) Parshvanath
    (3) Ajitanath (4) Rishabha
    Ans (4)
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Gujarat Police Constable Exam Geography Questions

11. Mushroom Rocks are the typical land forms seen in
(1) River Valleys
(2) Mountain tops
(3) Coastal areas
(4) Deserts
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector
Exam. 05.09.2004)
12. Basaltic lava is found in the
(1) Deccan Trap
(2) Himalayas
(3) Indo-Gangetic Plain
(4) North-Eastern Hills
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam. 05.12.2004)
13. Which one of the following types
of erosion is responsible for the
formation of Chambal Ravines ?
(1) Splash (2) Sheet
(3) Rill (4) Gully
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 05.06.2005)
14. Consider the following geological
phenomena :
I. Development of a fault
II. Movement along a fault
III. Impact produced by a volcanic eruption
IV. Folding of rocks
Which of the above causes earthquakes ?
(1) I, II and III (2) II and IV
(3) I, III and IV (4) I to IV
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 31.07.2005)
15. Shale is metamorphosed into
which of the following rocks?
(1) Graphite (2) Gneiss
(3) Marble (4) Slate
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
16. Where are the hot deserts generally found ?
(1) On the eastern margins of
the Tropics
(2) On the western margins of
the Tropics
(3) Nearer the Equator
(4) In the middle of the Continents
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
17. Why are winters more severe in
Southern Hemisphere than in
Northern Hemisphere?
(1) Earth is titled towards the
sun in the Northern Hemisphere
(2) Northern Hemisphere receives more sunlight
(3) Because of more iceberg activity in Southern Hemisphere
(4) Southern Hemisphere is less
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
18. Marble is the metamorphosed
form of
(1) Shale (2) Basalt
(3) Sandstone (4) Limestone
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam.11.12.2005)
19. The highest mountain peak of
the Himalayas is situated in—
(1) India (2) Tibet
(3) Nepal (4) China
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 13.08.2006)
20. Metamorphic rocks originate
(1) igneous rocks
(2) sedimentary rocks
(3) both igneous and sedimentary rocks
(4) None of these

Ans: 11. (4) 12. (1)
13. (4) 14. (1) 15. (4) 16. (2)
17. (1) 18. (4) 19. (3) 20. (3)


1. (4) A mushroom rock, also called rock pedestal or a
pedestal rock, is a naturally occurring rock whose
shape, as its name implies, strikingly resembles a
mushroom. Usually found in desert areas, these rocks
are formed over thousands of years when wind erosion
of an isolated rocky outcrop progresses at a different
rate at its bottom to that at its top.

2. (1) The Deccan Traps are a large igneous province
located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India
(between 17°–24°N, 73°–74°E) and one of the largest
volcanic features on Earth. They consist of multiple
layers of solidified flood basalt that together are more
than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) thick and cover an area of
500,000 km2
(193,051 sq mi) and a volume of
512,000 km3
(123,000 cu mi). The term “trap”, used
in geology for such rock formations, is derived from
the Swedish word for stairs and refers to the steplike hills forming the landscape of the region.

3. (4) Chambal ravine formation significantly increases
soil loss from agricultural lands and severely impacts
agricultural productivity. A review of ephemeral gully
erosion and spreading rates of the ravenous tracks
of Lower Chambal Valley using geospatial tools shows
that both the ravenous and the marginal lands have
increased during the last 15 years.

4. (1) Earthquakes are caused by faulting, a sudden
lateral or vertical movement of rock along a rupture
(break) surface. Earthquakes often occur in volcanic
regions and are caused there, both by tectonic faults
and the movement of magma in volcanoes. Such
earthquakes can serve as an early warning of volcanic
eruptions, as during the Mount St. Helens eruption
of 1980.

5. (4) From depth of burial by continual sediment
deposition from above, or from compressional stress
from tectonic plate collisions, shale is metamorphosed
into slate over periods of millions of years. During
this compression, the clay minerals making up the
shale decompose as they become unstable in the high
pressure environment, and their chemical
components are gradually transformed into minerals
that are more stable in the newly forming higher
pressure environment.

6. (2) The deserts lie in the belt of the trade winds which
blow from northeast in the northern hemisphere and
southeast in the southern hemisphere. There-fore,
the general direction of the trade winds is from the
east to west. These winds shed their moisture on
the eastern margins of the continents and by the
time they reach the west they have lost their moisture.
The hot desert climate is found around the tropics of
Capricorn and Cancer, usually on the west side of
continents. Examples are the Thar Desert in Pakistan
and the Atacama desert in Chile.

7. (1) The winter in the Southern Hemisphere occurs
when the Northern hemisphere is tilted more toward
the Sun. From the perspective of an observer on the
Earth, the winter Sun has a lower maximum altitude
in the sky than the summer Sun.

8. (4) Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock
composed of re-crystallized carbonate minerals, most
commonly calcite or dolomite. Geologists use the term
“marble” to refer to metamorphosed limestone. Marble
is a rock resulting from metamorphism of
sedimentary carbonate rocks, most commonly
limestone or dolomite rock. Metamorphism causes
variable recrystallization of the original carbonate
mineral grains. The resulting marble rock is typically
composed of an interlocking mosaic of carbonate
crystals. Primary sedimentary textures and structures
of the original carbonate rock (protolith) have typically
been modified or destroyed.

9. (3) Overall, the Himalayan mountain system is the
world’s highest, and is home to the world’s highest
peaks, the Eight-thousanders. The Mount Everest is
the highest peak having elevation of 8848 m and is
situated in East of Kathmandu on Sagarmatha Zone
Nepal. Mount Everest is the Earth’s highest mountain,
with a peak at 8,848 metres above sea level. It is
located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas.
The international border between China and Nepal
runs across the precise summit point.

10. (3) Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have “morphed”
into another kind of rock. These rocks were once
igneous or sedimentary rocks. How do sedimentary
and igneous rocks change? The rocks are under tons
and tons of pressure, which fosters heat build-up,
and this causes them to change. If you exam
metamorphic rock samples closely, you’ll discover
how flattened some of the grains in the rock are.

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Maharashtra Police Constable Indian Polity Constitution Questions

71. The Constitution of India, describes India as :
(1) A Federation
(2) A quasi-federal
(3) Unitary
(4) Union of states
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
72. The concept of “Rule of Law” is
a special feature of constitutional system of
(1) Britain (2) U.S.A.
(3) France (4) Switzerland
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
73. The method of amending the
Constitution by popular veto is
found in
(1) Britain (2) Switzerland
(3) Russia (4) India
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
74. Which of the following is the inalienable attribute of the parliamentary system of government ?
(1) Flexibility of the Constitution
(2) Fusion of Executive and Legislature
(3) Judicial Supremacy
(4) Parliamentary Sovereignty
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
75. Grassroots democracy is related to
(1) Devolution of powers
(2) Decentralisation of powers
(3) Panchayati Raj System
(4) All of the above
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
76. The phrase “equality before law”
used in Article-14 of Indian Constitution has been borrowed from
(1) U.S.A. (2) Germany
(3) Britain (4) Greece
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
20.07.2014, Ist Sitting)
77. Democratic Socialism aims at
(1) bringing about Socialism
through peaceful means
(2) bringing about Socialism
through violent and peaceful
(3) bringing about Socialism
through violent means
(4) bringing about Socialism
through democratic means
(SSC GL Tier-I
Exam. 26.10.2014)
78. Which one of the following judgements stated that ‘Secularism’
and ‘Federalism’ are the basic
features of the Indian Constitution ?
(1) Keshavananda Bharati case
(2) S.R. Bommai case
(3) Indira Sawhney case
(4) Minerva Mills case

9. Universal adult franchise shows
that India is a country which is
(1) Secular (2) Socialist
(3) Democratic (4) Sovereign

10. Who among the following was not
a member of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution ?
(1) B. R. Ambedkar
(2) Alladi Krishnaswamy
(3) Rajendra Prasad
(4) Gopalachari Ayyangar

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (1)
3. (3) 4. (2) 5. (1) 6. (1)
7. (1) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (3)


1. (4) Article 1 in the Constitution states that India that
is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. The territory of
India shall consist of: The territories of the states,
The Union territories and any territory that may be

2. (1) The Rule of Law is an aspect of the British Constitution that has been emphasised by A V Dicey and it,
therefore, can be considered an important part of
British Politics. It involves: the rights of individuals
are determined by legal rules and not the arbitrary
behaviour of authorities; there can be no punishment
unless a court decides there has been a breach of
law; and everyone, regardless of your position in society, is subject to the law.

3. (2) Switzerland has made provisions for referendums
or popular votes on laws and constitutional decrees
or issues on which citizens are asked to approve or
reject by a yes or a no. The Swiss Federal Constitution 1891 permits a certain number of citizens to make
a request to amend a constitutional article, or even to
introduce a new article into the constitution.

4. (2) A parliamentary system is a system of democratic
governance of a state in which the executive branch
derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held
accountable to, the legislature (parliament). The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

5. (4) Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group. It focuses on people or society at a local
level rather than at the center of major political activity. Devolution and decentralization of power and Panchayati raj system are essential elements of such a

6. (3) The concept of “equality before the law” has been
borrowed from the British Common Law upon which
English Legal System was founded. However, “equal
protection of laws” has its link with the American Constitution.

7. (4) Democratic socialism is a political ideology advocating a democratic political system alongside a socialist economic system. It highlights the central role
of democratic processes and political systems and is
usually contrasted with non-democratic political movements that advocate socialism.

8. (2) In the S.R. Bommai Case v. Union of India (1994),
Justice Sawant and Kuldip Singh observed that federalism and secularism was an essential feature of
our Constitution and were a part of basic structure.
In this case, the Supreme Court discussed at length
provisions of Article 356 of the Constitution of India.

9. (3) India has a democratic set up with all citizens
having equal rights. This could have been farther from
truth if the concept of universal adult suffrage was
not adopted. Article 326 of the Indian Constitution
grants universal adult suffrage which is one of the
defining features of a democratic set up.

10. (3) The Drafting Committee consisted of 7 members:
Dr B R Ambedkar (Chairman), N Gopalaswami Ayengar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar, Dr K M Munshi, S.M.
Saadullah, N Madhava Rau (replaced B L Mitter) and
T.T. Krishnamachari (replaced D P Khaitan). Dr. Rajendra Prasad headed the Rules of Procedure Committee and Steering Committee.

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MP Police Constable History Questions

1. ‘Bull’ in Buddhism is associated
with which event of Buddha’s
life ?
(1) Birth
(2) Great departure
(3) Enlightenment
(4) Mahaparinirvan

2. Which of the following would be
the most accurate description of
the Mauryan Monarchy under
Ashoka ?
(1) Enlightened despotism
(2) Centralised autocracy
(3) Oriental despotism
(4) Guided democracy

3. The illustrious names of Aryabhatta and Varahamihir are associated with the age of the
(1) Guptas (2) Kushanas
(3) Mauryas (4) Palas

4. Lothal is a site where dockyards
of which of the following civilization were found ?
(1) Indus Valley
(2) Mesoptamian
(3) Egyptian
(4) Persian

5. ‘Buddha’ means
(1) The Enlightened one
(2) The Religious Preacher
(3) The Genius
(4) The Powerful

6. Where do you find the temple of
Angkor Wat ?
(1) In Thailand (2)In Malaysia
(3) In Cambodia (4)In Myanmar

7. Whose achievements are recorded in the Allahabad Pillar inscription ?
(1) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(2) Samudra Gupta
(3) Vikramaditya
(4) Skand Gupta

8. The essential feature of the Indus Valley Civilisation was
(1) worship of forces of nature
(2) organised city life
(3) pastoral farming
(4) caste society

9. Name the capital of the Pallavas
(1) Kanchi
(2) Vatapi
(3) Trichnapalli
(4) Mahabalipuram

10. The word ‘Veda’ means
(1) knowledge (2) wisdom
(3) skill (4) power

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(1)
3.(1) 4.(1) 5.(1) 6.(3)
7.(2) 8.(2) 9.(1) 10.(1)


1. (1) The five great events in Buddha’s life are represented by symbols as under: (a) Birth by Lotus and
Bull, (b) Great Renunciation by Horse, (c) Nirvana by
Bodhi Tree, (d) First Sermon by Dharmachakra or
Wheel and (e) Parinirvana or death by the stupa.

2. (1) Despotism is a form of government in which a
single entity rules with absolute power. However, in
enlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent
despotism), absolute monarchs used their authority
to institute a number of reforms in the political systems and societies of their countries. During Ashoka’s reign, the Mauryan Empire was indeed the first
attempt in India to secure administrative centralization on an extended scale. Within its framework it
united a number of people and tribes. Tha nature of
the Mauryan government was enlightened despotism.
The centralized monarchy became a paternal despotism under the able guidance of Ashoka.

3. (1) The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire
which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and
covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. Scholars
of this period include Varahamihira and Aryabhatta,
who is believed to be the first to come up with the
concept of zero, postulated the theory that the Earth
moves round the Sun, and studied solar and lunar
eclipses. The most famous works of Aryabhatta are
the Aryabhatiya and the Arya-siddhanta. Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and
astrologer who lived in Ujjain. He is considered to be
one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of the court of
legendary ruler Vikramaditya (thought to be the Gupta emperor Chandragupta II Vikramaditya).

4. (1) Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the
ancient Indus valley civilization. Lothal’s dock—the
world’s earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route
between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula
of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of
today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and
thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade
of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the
far corners of West Asia and Africa.

5. (1) The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened
being in an era. “Buddha” is also sometimes translated as “The Enlightened One”. As Gautam fully comprehended the Four Noble Truths and as he arose
from the slumbers of ignorance he is called a Buddha. Before His Enlightenment he was a bodhisattva
which means one who is aspiring to attain Buddhahood. He was not born a Buddha, but became a Buddha by his own efforts. Every aspirant to Buddhahood passes through the bodhisattva period — a period comprising many lives over a vast period of time.

6. (3) The temple of Angor Vat is located in Angkor, Siem
Reap Province, in Cambodia. It is the largest Hindu
temple complex in the world. The temple was built by
King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his
state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from
the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat
was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have
remained a significant religious centre since its foundation – first Hindu, dedicated to the god Vishnu,
then Buddhist. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,
appearing on its national flag, and it is the country’s
prime attraction for visitors.

7. (2) Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudra Gupta
is writings in stone pillar during the term of King Samudra Gupta located in Allahabad which mentioned
events during his tenure in and around his empire. It
is one of the most important epigraphic evidences of
the Imperial Guptas. Composed by Harisena, it delineates the reign of the Guptas in ancient India. Achievements of different rulers of the Gupta lineage are also
mentioned in the Allahabad Pillar Inscription. Harisena was the court poet and minister of Samudragupta.

8. (2) Among all the Bronze Age cultures, the Indus Valley civilization was the most urbanized. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley Civilization making them the
first urban centres in the region. The quality of municipal town planning suggests the knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments.
By 2600 BCE, the Early Harappan communities had
been turned into large urban centres. Such urban
centres include Harappa, Ganeriwala, Mohenjo-Daro
in modern day Pakistan, and Dholavira, Kalibangan,
Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern day India.

9. (1) Pallavas ruled regions of northern Tamil Nadu and
southern Andhra Pradesh between the second to the
ninth century CE. Kanchipuram served as the capital
city of the Pallava Kingdom from the 4th to the 9th
century. It is also known by its former names Kanchiampathi, Conjeevaram, and the nickname “The City
of Thousand Temples’. Kanchipuram was mentioned
in the Mahabhasya, written by Patanjali in the 2nd
century BC.

10. (1) The Vedas (“knowledge”) are a large body of texts
originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic
Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of
Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of
Hinduism. The Vedas are apauruveya (“not of human
agency”). They are supposed to have been directly
revealed, and thus are called sruti (“what is heard”),
distinguishing them from other religious texts, which
are called smriti (“what is remembered”).

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