Maharashtra Police Constable Indian Polity Constitution Questions

71. The Constitution of India, describes India as :
(1) A Federation
(2) A quasi-federal
(3) Unitary
(4) Union of states
(SSC CGL Tier-I
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
72. The concept of “Rule of Law” is
a special feature of constitutional system of
(1) Britain (2) U.S.A.
(3) France (4) Switzerland
(SSC CGL Tier-I
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
73. The method of amending the
Constitution by popular veto is
found in
(1) Britain (2) Switzerland
(3) Russia (4) India
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
74. Which of the following is the inalienable attribute of the parliamentary system of government ?
(1) Flexibility of the Constitution
(2) Fusion of Executive and Legislature
(3) Judicial Supremacy
(4) Parliamentary Sovereignty
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
75. Grassroots democracy is related to
(1) Devolution of powers
(2) Decentralisation of powers
(3) Panchayati Raj System
(4) All of the above
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
76. The phrase “equality before law”
used in Article-14 of Indian Constitution has been borrowed from
_____
(1) U.S.A. (2) Germany
(3) Britain (4) Greece
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
20.07.2014, Ist Sitting)
77. Democratic Socialism aims at
(1) bringing about Socialism
through peaceful means
(2) bringing about Socialism
through violent and peaceful
means
(3) bringing about Socialism
through violent means
(4) bringing about Socialism
through democratic means
(SSC GL Tier-I
Exam. 26.10.2014)
78. Which one of the following judgements stated that ‘Secularism’
and ‘Federalism’ are the basic
features of the Indian Constitution ?
(1) Keshavananda Bharati case
(2) S.R. Bommai case
(3) Indira Sawhney case
(4) Minerva Mills case

9. Universal adult franchise shows
that India is a country which is
(1) Secular (2) Socialist
(3) Democratic (4) Sovereign

10. Who among the following was not
a member of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution ?
(1) B. R. Ambedkar
(2) Alladi Krishnaswamy
(3) Rajendra Prasad
(4) Gopalachari Ayyangar

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (1)
3. (3) 4. (2) 5. (1) 6. (1)
7. (1) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (3)

Explainations:

1. (4) Article 1 in the Constitution states that India that
is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. The territory of
India shall consist of: The territories of the states,
The Union territories and any territory that may be
acquired.

2. (1) The Rule of Law is an aspect of the British Constitution that has been emphasised by A V Dicey and it,
therefore, can be considered an important part of
British Politics. It involves: the rights of individuals
are determined by legal rules and not the arbitrary
behaviour of authorities; there can be no punishment
unless a court decides there has been a breach of
law; and everyone, regardless of your position in society, is subject to the law.

3. (2) Switzerland has made provisions for referendums
or popular votes on laws and constitutional decrees
or issues on which citizens are asked to approve or
reject by a yes or a no. The Swiss Federal Constitution 1891 permits a certain number of citizens to make
a request to amend a constitutional article, or even to
introduce a new article into the constitution.

4. (2) A parliamentary system is a system of democratic
governance of a state in which the executive branch
derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held
accountable to, the legislature (parliament). The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

5. (4) Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group. It focuses on people or society at a local
level rather than at the center of major political activity. Devolution and decentralization of power and Panchayati raj system are essential elements of such a
system.

6. (3) The concept of “equality before the law” has been
borrowed from the British Common Law upon which
English Legal System was founded. However, “equal
protection of laws” has its link with the American Constitution.

7. (4) Democratic socialism is a political ideology advocating a democratic political system alongside a socialist economic system. It highlights the central role
of democratic processes and political systems and is
usually contrasted with non-democratic political movements that advocate socialism.

8. (2) In the S.R. Bommai Case v. Union of India (1994),
Justice Sawant and Kuldip Singh observed that federalism and secularism was an essential feature of
our Constitution and were a part of basic structure.
In this case, the Supreme Court discussed at length
provisions of Article 356 of the Constitution of India.

9. (3) India has a democratic set up with all citizens
having equal rights. This could have been farther from
truth if the concept of universal adult suffrage was
not adopted. Article 326 of the Indian Constitution
grants universal adult suffrage which is one of the
defining features of a democratic set up.

10. (3) The Drafting Committee consisted of 7 members:
Dr B R Ambedkar (Chairman), N Gopalaswami Ayengar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar, Dr K M Munshi, S.M.
Saadullah, N Madhava Rau (replaced B L Mitter) and
T.T. Krishnamachari (replaced D P Khaitan). Dr. Rajendra Prasad headed the Rules of Procedure Committee and Steering Committee.

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