Gujarat Police Constable Exam Geography Questions

11. Mushroom Rocks are the typical land forms seen in
(1) River Valleys
(2) Mountain tops
(3) Coastal areas
(4) Deserts
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector
Exam. 05.09.2004)
12. Basaltic lava is found in the
(1) Deccan Trap
(2) Himalayas
(3) Indo-Gangetic Plain
(4) North-Eastern Hills
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam. 05.12.2004)
13. Which one of the following types
of erosion is responsible for the
formation of Chambal Ravines ?
(1) Splash (2) Sheet
(3) Rill (4) Gully
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 05.06.2005)
14. Consider the following geological
phenomena :
I. Development of a fault
II. Movement along a fault
III. Impact produced by a volcanic eruption
IV. Folding of rocks
Which of the above causes earthquakes ?
(1) I, II and III (2) II and IV
(3) I, III and IV (4) I to IV
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 31.07.2005)
15. Shale is metamorphosed into
which of the following rocks?
(1) Graphite (2) Gneiss
(3) Marble (4) Slate
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
16. Where are the hot deserts generally found ?
(1) On the eastern margins of
the Tropics
(2) On the western margins of
the Tropics
(3) Nearer the Equator
(4) In the middle of the Continents
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
17. Why are winters more severe in
Southern Hemisphere than in
Northern Hemisphere?
(1) Earth is titled towards the
sun in the Northern Hemisphere
(2) Northern Hemisphere receives more sunlight
(3) Because of more iceberg activity in Southern Hemisphere
(4) Southern Hemisphere is less
inhabited
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
18. Marble is the metamorphosed
form of
(1) Shale (2) Basalt
(3) Sandstone (4) Limestone
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam.11.12.2005)
19. The highest mountain peak of
the Himalayas is situated in—
(1) India (2) Tibet
(3) Nepal (4) China
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 13.08.2006)
20. Metamorphic rocks originate
from—
(1) igneous rocks
(2) sedimentary rocks
(3) both igneous and sedimentary rocks
(4) None of these

Ans: 11. (4) 12. (1)
13. (4) 14. (1) 15. (4) 16. (2)
17. (1) 18. (4) 19. (3) 20. (3)

Explainations:

1. (4) A mushroom rock, also called rock pedestal or a
pedestal rock, is a naturally occurring rock whose
shape, as its name implies, strikingly resembles a
mushroom. Usually found in desert areas, these rocks
are formed over thousands of years when wind erosion
of an isolated rocky outcrop progresses at a different
rate at its bottom to that at its top.

2. (1) The Deccan Traps are a large igneous province
located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India
(between 17°–24°N, 73°–74°E) and one of the largest
volcanic features on Earth. They consist of multiple
layers of solidified flood basalt that together are more
than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) thick and cover an area of
500,000 km2
(193,051 sq mi) and a volume of
512,000 km3
(123,000 cu mi). The term “trap”, used
in geology for such rock formations, is derived from
the Swedish word for stairs and refers to the steplike hills forming the landscape of the region.

3. (4) Chambal ravine formation significantly increases
soil loss from agricultural lands and severely impacts
agricultural productivity. A review of ephemeral gully
erosion and spreading rates of the ravenous tracks
of Lower Chambal Valley using geospatial tools shows
that both the ravenous and the marginal lands have
increased during the last 15 years.

4. (1) Earthquakes are caused by faulting, a sudden
lateral or vertical movement of rock along a rupture
(break) surface. Earthquakes often occur in volcanic
regions and are caused there, both by tectonic faults
and the movement of magma in volcanoes. Such
earthquakes can serve as an early warning of volcanic
eruptions, as during the Mount St. Helens eruption
of 1980.

5. (4) From depth of burial by continual sediment
deposition from above, or from compressional stress
from tectonic plate collisions, shale is metamorphosed
into slate over periods of millions of years. During
this compression, the clay minerals making up the
shale decompose as they become unstable in the high
pressure environment, and their chemical
components are gradually transformed into minerals
that are more stable in the newly forming higher
pressure environment.

6. (2) The deserts lie in the belt of the trade winds which
blow from northeast in the northern hemisphere and
southeast in the southern hemisphere. There-fore,
the general direction of the trade winds is from the
east to west. These winds shed their moisture on
the eastern margins of the continents and by the
time they reach the west they have lost their moisture.
The hot desert climate is found around the tropics of
Capricorn and Cancer, usually on the west side of
continents. Examples are the Thar Desert in Pakistan
and the Atacama desert in Chile.

7. (1) The winter in the Southern Hemisphere occurs
when the Northern hemisphere is tilted more toward
the Sun. From the perspective of an observer on the
Earth, the winter Sun has a lower maximum altitude
in the sky than the summer Sun.

8. (4) Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock
composed of re-crystallized carbonate minerals, most
commonly calcite or dolomite. Geologists use the term
“marble” to refer to metamorphosed limestone. Marble
is a rock resulting from metamorphism of
sedimentary carbonate rocks, most commonly
limestone or dolomite rock. Metamorphism causes
variable recrystallization of the original carbonate
mineral grains. The resulting marble rock is typically
composed of an interlocking mosaic of carbonate
crystals. Primary sedimentary textures and structures
of the original carbonate rock (protolith) have typically
been modified or destroyed.

9. (3) Overall, the Himalayan mountain system is the
world’s highest, and is home to the world’s highest
peaks, the Eight-thousanders. The Mount Everest is
the highest peak having elevation of 8848 m and is
situated in East of Kathmandu on Sagarmatha Zone
Nepal. Mount Everest is the Earth’s highest mountain,
with a peak at 8,848 metres above sea level. It is
located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas.
The international border between China and Nepal
runs across the precise summit point.

10. (3) Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have “morphed”
into another kind of rock. These rocks were once
igneous or sedimentary rocks. How do sedimentary
and igneous rocks change? The rocks are under tons
and tons of pressure, which fosters heat build-up,
and this causes them to change. If you exam
metamorphic rock samples closely, you’ll discover
how flattened some of the grains in the rock are.

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Maharashtra Police Constable Indian Polity Constitution Questions

71. The Constitution of India, describes India as :
(1) A Federation
(2) A quasi-federal
(3) Unitary
(4) Union of states
(SSC CGL Tier-I
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
72. The concept of “Rule of Law” is
a special feature of constitutional system of
(1) Britain (2) U.S.A.
(3) France (4) Switzerland
(SSC CGL Tier-I
Re-Exam–2013, 27.04.2014)
73. The method of amending the
Constitution by popular veto is
found in
(1) Britain (2) Switzerland
(3) Russia (4) India
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
74. Which of the following is the inalienable attribute of the parliamentary system of government ?
(1) Flexibility of the Constitution
(2) Fusion of Executive and Legislature
(3) Judicial Supremacy
(4) Parliamentary Sovereignty
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
75. Grassroots democracy is related to
(1) Devolution of powers
(2) Decentralisation of powers
(3) Panchayati Raj System
(4) All of the above
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
76. The phrase “equality before law”
used in Article-14 of Indian Constitution has been borrowed from
_____
(1) U.S.A. (2) Germany
(3) Britain (4) Greece
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
20.07.2014, Ist Sitting)
77. Democratic Socialism aims at
(1) bringing about Socialism
through peaceful means
(2) bringing about Socialism
through violent and peaceful
means
(3) bringing about Socialism
through violent means
(4) bringing about Socialism
through democratic means
(SSC GL Tier-I
Exam. 26.10.2014)
78. Which one of the following judgements stated that ‘Secularism’
and ‘Federalism’ are the basic
features of the Indian Constitution ?
(1) Keshavananda Bharati case
(2) S.R. Bommai case
(3) Indira Sawhney case
(4) Minerva Mills case

9. Universal adult franchise shows
that India is a country which is
(1) Secular (2) Socialist
(3) Democratic (4) Sovereign

10. Who among the following was not
a member of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution ?
(1) B. R. Ambedkar
(2) Alladi Krishnaswamy
(3) Rajendra Prasad
(4) Gopalachari Ayyangar

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (1)
3. (3) 4. (2) 5. (1) 6. (1)
7. (1) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (3)

Explainations:

1. (4) Article 1 in the Constitution states that India that
is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. The territory of
India shall consist of: The territories of the states,
The Union territories and any territory that may be
acquired.

2. (1) The Rule of Law is an aspect of the British Constitution that has been emphasised by A V Dicey and it,
therefore, can be considered an important part of
British Politics. It involves: the rights of individuals
are determined by legal rules and not the arbitrary
behaviour of authorities; there can be no punishment
unless a court decides there has been a breach of
law; and everyone, regardless of your position in society, is subject to the law.

3. (2) Switzerland has made provisions for referendums
or popular votes on laws and constitutional decrees
or issues on which citizens are asked to approve or
reject by a yes or a no. The Swiss Federal Constitution 1891 permits a certain number of citizens to make
a request to amend a constitutional article, or even to
introduce a new article into the constitution.

4. (2) A parliamentary system is a system of democratic
governance of a state in which the executive branch
derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held
accountable to, the legislature (parliament). The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

5. (4) Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group. It focuses on people or society at a local
level rather than at the center of major political activity. Devolution and decentralization of power and Panchayati raj system are essential elements of such a
system.

6. (3) The concept of “equality before the law” has been
borrowed from the British Common Law upon which
English Legal System was founded. However, “equal
protection of laws” has its link with the American Constitution.

7. (4) Democratic socialism is a political ideology advocating a democratic political system alongside a socialist economic system. It highlights the central role
of democratic processes and political systems and is
usually contrasted with non-democratic political movements that advocate socialism.

8. (2) In the S.R. Bommai Case v. Union of India (1994),
Justice Sawant and Kuldip Singh observed that federalism and secularism was an essential feature of
our Constitution and were a part of basic structure.
In this case, the Supreme Court discussed at length
provisions of Article 356 of the Constitution of India.

9. (3) India has a democratic set up with all citizens
having equal rights. This could have been farther from
truth if the concept of universal adult suffrage was
not adopted. Article 326 of the Indian Constitution
grants universal adult suffrage which is one of the
defining features of a democratic set up.

10. (3) The Drafting Committee consisted of 7 members:
Dr B R Ambedkar (Chairman), N Gopalaswami Ayengar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar, Dr K M Munshi, S.M.
Saadullah, N Madhava Rau (replaced B L Mitter) and
T.T. Krishnamachari (replaced D P Khaitan). Dr. Rajendra Prasad headed the Rules of Procedure Committee and Steering Committee.

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MP Police Constable History Questions

1. ‘Bull’ in Buddhism is associated
with which event of Buddha’s
life ?
(1) Birth
(2) Great departure
(3) Enlightenment
(4) Mahaparinirvan

2. Which of the following would be
the most accurate description of
the Mauryan Monarchy under
Ashoka ?
(1) Enlightened despotism
(2) Centralised autocracy
(3) Oriental despotism
(4) Guided democracy

3. The illustrious names of Aryabhatta and Varahamihir are associated with the age of the
(1) Guptas (2) Kushanas
(3) Mauryas (4) Palas

4. Lothal is a site where dockyards
of which of the following civilization were found ?
(1) Indus Valley
(2) Mesoptamian
(3) Egyptian
(4) Persian

5. ‘Buddha’ means
(1) The Enlightened one
(2) The Religious Preacher
(3) The Genius
(4) The Powerful

6. Where do you find the temple of
Angkor Wat ?
(1) In Thailand (2)In Malaysia
(3) In Cambodia (4)In Myanmar

7. Whose achievements are recorded in the Allahabad Pillar inscription ?
(1) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(2) Samudra Gupta
(3) Vikramaditya
(4) Skand Gupta

8. The essential feature of the Indus Valley Civilisation was
(1) worship of forces of nature
(2) organised city life
(3) pastoral farming
(4) caste society

9. Name the capital of the Pallavas
(1) Kanchi
(2) Vatapi
(3) Trichnapalli
(4) Mahabalipuram

10. The word ‘Veda’ means
(1) knowledge (2) wisdom
(3) skill (4) power

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(1)
3.(1) 4.(1) 5.(1) 6.(3)
7.(2) 8.(2) 9.(1) 10.(1)

Explaination:

1. (1) The five great events in Buddha’s life are represented by symbols as under: (a) Birth by Lotus and
Bull, (b) Great Renunciation by Horse, (c) Nirvana by
Bodhi Tree, (d) First Sermon by Dharmachakra or
Wheel and (e) Parinirvana or death by the stupa.

2. (1) Despotism is a form of government in which a
single entity rules with absolute power. However, in
enlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent
despotism), absolute monarchs used their authority
to institute a number of reforms in the political systems and societies of their countries. During Ashoka’s reign, the Mauryan Empire was indeed the first
attempt in India to secure administrative centralization on an extended scale. Within its framework it
united a number of people and tribes. Tha nature of
the Mauryan government was enlightened despotism.
The centralized monarchy became a paternal despotism under the able guidance of Ashoka.

3. (1) The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire
which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and
covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. Scholars
of this period include Varahamihira and Aryabhatta,
who is believed to be the first to come up with the
concept of zero, postulated the theory that the Earth
moves round the Sun, and studied solar and lunar
eclipses. The most famous works of Aryabhatta are
the Aryabhatiya and the Arya-siddhanta. Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and
astrologer who lived in Ujjain. He is considered to be
one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of the court of
legendary ruler Vikramaditya (thought to be the Gupta emperor Chandragupta II Vikramaditya).

4. (1) Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the
ancient Indus valley civilization. Lothal’s dock—the
world’s earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route
between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula
of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of
today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and
thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade
of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the
far corners of West Asia and Africa.

5. (1) The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened
being in an era. “Buddha” is also sometimes translated as “The Enlightened One”. As Gautam fully comprehended the Four Noble Truths and as he arose
from the slumbers of ignorance he is called a Buddha. Before His Enlightenment he was a bodhisattva
which means one who is aspiring to attain Buddhahood. He was not born a Buddha, but became a Buddha by his own efforts. Every aspirant to Buddhahood passes through the bodhisattva period — a period comprising many lives over a vast period of time.

6. (3) The temple of Angor Vat is located in Angkor, Siem
Reap Province, in Cambodia. It is the largest Hindu
temple complex in the world. The temple was built by
King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his
state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from
the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat
was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have
remained a significant religious centre since its foundation – first Hindu, dedicated to the god Vishnu,
then Buddhist. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,
appearing on its national flag, and it is the country’s
prime attraction for visitors.

7. (2) Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudra Gupta
is writings in stone pillar during the term of King Samudra Gupta located in Allahabad which mentioned
events during his tenure in and around his empire. It
is one of the most important epigraphic evidences of
the Imperial Guptas. Composed by Harisena, it delineates the reign of the Guptas in ancient India. Achievements of different rulers of the Gupta lineage are also
mentioned in the Allahabad Pillar Inscription. Harisena was the court poet and minister of Samudragupta.

8. (2) Among all the Bronze Age cultures, the Indus Valley civilization was the most urbanized. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley Civilization making them the
first urban centres in the region. The quality of municipal town planning suggests the knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments.
By 2600 BCE, the Early Harappan communities had
been turned into large urban centres. Such urban
centres include Harappa, Ganeriwala, Mohenjo-Daro
in modern day Pakistan, and Dholavira, Kalibangan,
Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern day India.

9. (1) Pallavas ruled regions of northern Tamil Nadu and
southern Andhra Pradesh between the second to the
ninth century CE. Kanchipuram served as the capital
city of the Pallava Kingdom from the 4th to the 9th
century. It is also known by its former names Kanchiampathi, Conjeevaram, and the nickname “The City
of Thousand Temples’. Kanchipuram was mentioned
in the Mahabhasya, written by Patanjali in the 2nd
century BC.

10. (1) The Vedas (“knowledge”) are a large body of texts
originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic
Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of
Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of
Hinduism. The Vedas are apauruveya (“not of human
agency”). They are supposed to have been directly
revealed, and thus are called sruti (“what is heard”),
distinguishing them from other religious texts, which
are called smriti (“what is remembered”).

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MP Police Constable Exam Physical Geography Questions

Here is the set of Physical geography Questions which could be asked in the MP Police Constable Exam

1. Which among the following statements is true regarding International Date line ?
(1) It is 180° Longitude
(2) It is a straight line
(3) It is a big circle
(4) It is a curved line beyond earth

2. The sunlight is available 24 hours
on the longest day at which of
the following latitudes of the
earth ?
(1) 49° (2) 66½°
(3) 63° (4) 69°51′

3. The Grand Canyon is located on
the :
(1) Colorado River
(2) Rhine River
(3) Tapi River
(4) Niger River

4. Extensive deserts occur in the
western tropical regions of continents because :
(1) of easterly trade winds.
(2) cold ocean currents flow
along the western coasts.
(3) of the effect of both the offshore easterly trade winds
and cold ocean currents.
(4) the rate of evaporation is
greater along the western
margin areas.

5. The deposits of the ancient
Tethys Sea were folded to form
the :
(1) Himalayas (2) Rockies
(3) Andes (4) Alps

6. Which one of the following types
of erosion is responsible for the
formation of Chambal Ravines?
(1) Splash (2) Sheet
(3) Rill (4) Gully

7. The west to east extension of the
Himalayas is from
(1) Indus gorge to Dihang gorge
(2) K2
to Chomoihari
(3) Nanga Parbat to Namcha Barwa
(4) Rakaposhi to Lohit river

8. Most of the devastating earthquakes are usually caused by
(1) Eustatic movement
(2) Isostatic adjustment
(3) Collision of earth plates
(4) Volcanic eruption

9. Which one of the following is
the greatest circle ?
(1) Arctic Circle
(2) Equator
(3) Tropic of Cancer
(4) Tropic of Capricorn

10. Hanging Valley is formed due to
the action of
(1) Glacier (2) River
(3) Ocean (4) Wind

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (1) 4. (3)
5. (1) 6. (4) 7. (1) 8. (3)
9. (2) 10. (1)

Explainations:

1. (1) The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary
line on the surface of the Earth, that runs from the
north to the South Pole and demarcates one calendar day from the next. It passes through the middle
of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the 180° longitude but it deviates to pass around some territories and island groups. From the north, the date line
first deviates to the east of 180° to pass to the east
of Russia’s Wrangel Island and the Chukchi Peninsula which is the easternmost part of Russian Siberia. The date line then passes through the Bering
Strait between the Diomede Islands at a distance of
1.5 km from each island. The line then bends considerably southwest, passing west of St. Lawrence
Island and St. Matthew Island. It then passes midway between Alaska’s Aleutian Islands and Russia’s
Commander Islands before returning southeast to
180°. Thus all of Siberia is to the west of the International Date Line, and all of Alaska is to the east of
that line.

2. (2) During the June solstice the Earth’s North Pole is
tilted 23.5 degrees towards the Sun relative to the
circle of illumination. This phenomenon keeps all
places above latitude of 66.5 degrees N in 24 hours
of sunlight, while locations below latitude of 66.5
degrees are in darkness.

3. (1) The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved
by the Colorado River in the United States in the
state of Arizona. It is contained within and managed
by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal
Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. President Theodore
Roosevelt was a major proponent of preservation of
the Grand Canyon area. A number of processes
combined to create the views that we see in today’s
Grand Canyon. The most powerful force to have an
impact on the Grand Canyon is erosion, primarily by
water (and ice) and second by wind. Other forces
that contributed to the Canyon’s formation are the
course of the Colorado River itself, volcanism,
continental drift and slight variations in the earth’s
orbit which in turn causes variations in seasons and
climate.

4. (3) Extensive deserts occur in the western tropical
regions of continents because of the effect of both
the offshore easterly trade winds and cold ocean
currents. Most deserts arise due to atmospheric wind
conditions. Other deserts result from the effects of
ocean currents on landmasses, where cool air masses
carry fog and mist, but little rain, along coastal regions.
World desert map depicts the location of all the
deserts of the world. … They are centered along the
Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. The heart of the
tropical desert climate is found near the tropics of
Cancer and Capricorn, usually toward the western
side of the continents.

5. (1) Around 200 million years ago (also known as the
Middle Permian Period), an extensive sea stretched
along the latitudinal area presently occupied by the
Himalayas. This sea was named the Tethys. Around
this period, the super continent Pangaea began to
gradually split into different land masses and move
apart in different directions.

6. (4) Chambal ravine formation significantly increases
soil loss from agricultural lands and severely impacts
agricultural productivity. A review of ephemeral gully
erosion and spreading rates of the ravenous tracks
of Lower Chambal Valley using geospatial tools shows
that both the ravenous and the marginal lands have
increased during the last 15 years.

7. (1) The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally
fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of
India. These mountain ranges run in a west-east
direction from the Indus to the Brahmaputra. The
Brahmaputra marks the eastern most boundary of
the Himalayas. Beyond the Dihang gorge, the
Himalayas bend sharply to the south and spread along
the eastern boundary of india.

8. (3) An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of
energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves.
The world’s earthquakes are not randomly distributed
over the Earth’s surface. They tend to be concentrated
in narrow zones. An explanation is to be found in
plate tectonics, a concept which has revolutionized
thinking in the Earth’s sciences. Plate tectonics tells
us that the Earth’s rigid outer shell (lithosphere) is
broken into a mosaic of oceanic and continental plates
which can slide over the plastic asthenosphere, which
is the uppermost layer of the mantle. The plates are
in constant motion. Where they interact, along their
margins, important geological processes take place,
such as the formation of mountain belts, earthquakes,
and volcanoes.

9. (2) A great circle, also known as an orthodrome or
Riemannian circle, of a sphere is the intersection of
the sphere and a plane which passes through the
center point of the sphere, as opposed to a general
circle of a sphere where the plane is not required to
pass through the center. The equator is the circle
that is equidistant from the North Pole and South
Pole. It divides the Earth into the Northern
Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Of the
parallels or circles of latitude, it is the longest, and
the only ‘great circle’ (in that it is a circle on the
surface of the earth, centered on the center of the
earth). All the other parallels are smaller and centered
only on the earth’s axis.

10. (1) A hanging valley is a tributary valley with the floor
at a higher relief than the main channel into which it
flows. They are most commonly associated with Ushaped valleys when a tributary glacier flows into a
glacier of larger volume. The main glacier erodes a
deep U-shaped valley with nearly vertical sides while
the tributary glacier, with a smaller volume of ice,
makes a shallower U-shaped valley. Since the
surfaces of the glaciers were originally at the same
elevation, the shallower valley appears to be ‘hanging’
above the main valley

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Bihar Police Constable Exam India Polity Questions

Here is the set of 10 questions which were asked in the Exam of Bihar police Constable Exam

1. Constitution of India came into
force in
(1) 1951 (2) 1956
(3) 1950 (4) 1949

2. The state possesses
(1) only external sovereignty
(2) only internal sovereignty
(3) both internal and external
sovereignty
(4) neither external nor internal
sovereignty

3. The Government of India Act,
1935 was based on :
(1) Simon Commission
(2) Lord Curzon Commission
(3) Dimitrov Thesis
(4) Lord Clive’s report

4. Who described the Government
of India Act, 1935 as a new charter of bondage ?
(1) Mahatma Gandhi
(2) Rajendra Prasad
(3) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
(4) B.R. Ambedkar

5. Who is custodian of the Indian
Constitution ?
(1) President of India ?
(2) Chief Justice of India
(3) Prime Minister of India
(4) Chairman of Rajya Sabha

6. Which of the following is an essential element of the state?
(1) Sovereignty (2) Government
(3) Territory (4) All these

7. Which is the most important system in Democracy ?
(1) Social (2) Political
(3) Economic (4) Governmental

8. Where do we find the ideals of
Indian democracy in the Constitution ?
(1) The Preamble (2) Part III
(3) Part IV (4) Part I

9. The state operates through :
(1) Political Party
(2) Party President
(3) Government
(4) President

10. When was the first Central Legislative Assembly constituted ?
(1) 1922 (2) 1923
(3) 1921 (4) 1920

Ans: 1. (3) 2. (3) 3. (1) 4. (3)
5. (2) 6. (4) 7. (2) 8. (1)
9. (3) 10. (4)

Explainations:

1. (3) The Constitution of India was adopted by Constituent Assembly on November 26,1949 and came into
force on January 26,1950.

2. (3) At its core, sovereignty is typically taken to mean
the possession of absolute authority within a bounded territorial space. There is essentially an internal
and external dimension of sovereignty. Internally, a
sovereign government is a fixed authority with a settled population that possesses a monopoly on the use
of force. It is the supreme authority within its territory. Externally, sovereignty is the entry ticket into the
society of states.

3. (1) The provincial part of the Government of India
Act, 1935 basically followed the recommendations
of the Simon Commission. Simon Commission had
proposed almost fully responsible government in the
provinces. Under the 1935 Act, provincial dyarchy
was abolished; i.e. all provincial portfolios were to
be placed in charge of ministers enjoying the support of the provincial legislatures.

4. (3) At the Faizpur Session of the Congress in December 1936, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, in his Presidential Address, referred to the Government of India Act
1935 as “The new Charter of Bondage” which was
being imposed upon them despite complete rejection.
He said that the Congress was going to the Legislatures to combat the Act and seek to end it.

5. (2) The Constitution has made the Supreme Court as
the custodian and protector of the Constitution. The
Supreme Court decides disputes between the Centre
and the Units as well as protects the Fundamental
Rights of the citizens of India.

6. (4) The state has four essential elements: population,
territory, government and sovereignty. Absence of any
of these elements denies to it the status of statehood.

7. (2) Democracy is a form of government in which all
eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions
that affect their lives. Democracy allows eligible
citizens to participate equally in creation of laws and
enables the free and equal practice of political selfdetermination. So the political aspect can be
considered to the most important.

8. (1) The Preamble to the Constitution of India is
‘Declaration of Independence’ statement & a brief
introductory that sets out the guiding principles &
purpose of the document as well as Indian democracy.
It describes the state as a “sovereign democratic
republic”. The first part of the preamble “We, the
people of India” and, its last part “give to ourselves
this Constitution” clearly indicate the democratic spirit.

9. (3) A government is the system by which a state or
community is governed. It is the means by which
state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for
determining the policy of the state. A form of Government refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organisation of a specific government.

10. (4) The Central Legislative Assembly was a legislature
for India created by the Government of India Act 1919
from the former Imperial Legislative Council, implementing the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. It was
formed in 1920.

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UP Police Constable Exam Indian History Questions

These are the Certain Set of Questions which is being asked in UP Police Constable Exam

1. Ashoka called the Third Buddhist
Council at
(1) Pataliputra (2) Magadha
(3) Kalinga (4) Sarnath

2. The tutor of Alexander, the Great
was
(1) Darius (2) Cyrus
(3) Socrates (4) Aristotle

3. Which of the following literary
works belongs to classical Sanskrit literature?
(1) Dhammapada
(2) Vedas
(3) Meghadutam
(4) Dighanikaya

4. Who propounded the ‘Eight-Fold
Path’ for the end of misery of
mankind ?
(1) Mahavir
(2) Gautam Buddha
(3) Adi Shankaracharya
(4) Kabir

5. The number system ‘Zero’ was
invented by
(1) Ramanujam
(2) Aryabhatta
(3) Patanjali
(4) An unknown person

6. ‘Charak’ was the famous court
physician of
(1) Harsha
(2) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(3) Ashoka
(4) Kanishka

7. Buddhism made an important
impact by allowing two sections
of society into its fold. They were
(1) Merchants and Priests
(2) Moneylenders and Slaves
(3) Warriors and Traders
(4) Women and Sudras

8. The language used to write
source materials in ancient time
was
(1) Sanskrit (2) Pali
(3) Brahmi (4) Kharosthi

9. India’s trade with the Roman
Empire came to an end with the
invasion of Rome by the
(1) Arabs (2) Hungarians
(3) Hunas (4) Turks

10. Most of the chola temples were
dedicated to
(1) Ganesh (2) Shiva
(3) Durga (4) Vishnu

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(2)
5.(2) 6.(4) 7.(4) 8.(2)
9.(3) 10.(2)

Explaination: 10. (4) Excavations at Chanhudaro have revealed three
different cultural layers from lowest to the top being
Indus culture, the Jhukar culture and the Jhangar
culture. The site is especially important for providing
evidences about different Harappan factories. These
factories produced seals, toys and bone implements.
It was the only Harappan city without a citadel.

11. (1) The Third Buddhist council was convened in about
250 BCE at Asokarama in Pataliputra, supposedly
under the patronage of Emperor Asoka. The traditional reason for convening the Third Buddhist Council is reported to have been to rid the Sangha of corruption and bogus monks who held heretical views.
It was presided over by the Elder Moggaliputta Tissa
and one thousand monks participated in the Council.

12. (4) Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a
student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s teacher),
Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle’s writings were
the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics,
logic, science, politics, and metaphysics. Aristotle was
invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to
his son Alexander in 343 BC. Aristotle was appointed
as the head of the royal academy of Macedon. During
that time he gave lessons not only to Alexander, but
also to two other future kings: Ptolemy and Cassander. Aristotle encouraged Alexander toward eastern
conquest.

13. (3) Meghadutam (cloud messenger) is a lyric poem
written by Kalidasa, considered to be one of the greatest Sanskrit poets. In Sanskrit literature, the poetic
conceit used in the Meghadutam spawned the genre
of sandesha kavya or messenger poems, most of
which are modeled on the Meghaduta (and are often
written in the Meghaduta’s mandakranta metre)

14. (2) The Noble Eightfold Path is one of the principal
teachings of the Buddha, who described it as the way
leading to the cessation of suffering (dukkha) and the
achievement of self-awakening. It is used to develop
insight into the true nature of phenomena (or reality)
and to eradicate greed, hatred, and delusion. The Noble
Eightfold Path is the fourth of the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths; the first element of the Noble Eightfold
Path is, in turn, an understanding of the Four Noble
Truths. It is also known as the Middle Path or Middle
Way.

15. (2) The concept of zero as a number and not merely a
symbol for separation is attributed to India, where,
by the 9th century AD, practical calculations were
carried out using zero, which was treated like any
other number, even in case of division. The credit for
inventing ‘zero (0)’ goes to Indian mathematicians and
the number zero first appears in a book about ‘arithmetic’ written by an Indian mathematician ‘Brahamagupta’. Zero signifies ‘nothing’ and the current definition calls it an ‘additive identity’. The Indian mathematicians Bhaskara, Mahavira and Brahamagupta
worked on this new number and they tried to explain
its properties. It wasn’t that somebody suddenly came
up with the idea of the zero and the mathematicians
throughout the world accepted it. Around 500 AD,
Aryabhatta, an Indian mathematician, devised a numbers system and the symbol he used for the number
zero was also the number used to represent an unknown element (x).

16. (4) Charaka was one of the principal contributors to
the ancient art and science of Ayurveda, a system of
medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India. He
is referred to as the Father of Medicine. The life and
times of Charaka are not known with certainty. Some
Indian scholars have stated that Charaka of Charaka
Samhita existed before Panini, the grammarian, who
is said to have lived before the sixth century B. C.
Another school argues that Patanjali wrote a commentary on the medical work of Charaka. They say that if
Patanjali lived around 175 B.C., Charaka must have
lived some time before him. Another source about the
identity of Charaka and his times is provided by the
French orientalist Sylvan Levi. He discovered in the
Chinese translation of the Buddhist Tripitaka, a per-
son named Charaka who was a court physician to the
Indo-Scythian king Kanishka, who in all probability
reigned in the second century A.D. From the above
discussion, it would seem that Charaka may have lived
between the second century B.C. to the second century A.D.

17. (4) Buddha was against caste. His religion was open
to all, to shudras, women and even repentant criminals. The Buddhist scriptures were available to all
men and women. Buddhism encouraged abolition of
distinctions in society and strengthened the principle
of social equality.

18. (2) Pali is a Middle Indo-Aryan language (of Prakrit
group) of the Indian subcontinent. It is best known
as the language of many of the earliest extant Buddhist scriptures, as collected in the Pali Canon or
Tipitaka, and as the liturgical language of Theravada
Buddhism. T. W. Rhys Davids in his book Buddhist
India, and Wilhelm Geiger in his book Pali Literature
and Language, suggested that Pali may have originated as a form of lingua franca or common language of
culture among people who used differing dialects in
North India, used at the time of the Buddha and employed by him.

19. (3) Roman trade with India started around the beginning of the Common Era following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt. Following the RomanPersian Wars Khosrow I of the Persian Sassanian
Dynasty captured the areas under the Roman Byzantine Empire. The Arabs, led by ‘Amr ibn al-’As, crossed
into Egypt in late 639 or early 640 C.E. That advance
marked the beginning of the Islamic conquest of Egypt
and the fall of ports such as Alexandria, used to secure trade with India by the Greco Roman world since
the Ptolemaic dynasty. The decline in trade saw Southern India turn to Southeast Asia for international trade,
where it influenced the native culture to a greater
degree than the impressions made on Rome. The
Hunas invaded the Roman Empire under Attila the
Hun in 454 C.E.

10. (2) Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to
Shiva. The great living Chola temples are important
Hindu kovils that were built during the 10th-12th
centuries in the South India. In all these temples, the
chief deity who has been depicted and worshipped is
Lord Shiva.

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Daily Current Affairs Question 14th November 2019

These are the certain set of questions which could be asked in BANK PO, BANK CLERK, SBI PO, SBI CLERK, IBPS PO, IBPS CLERK, RBI GRADE B OFFICER EXAM PREPARATION

1. Which country has declared a health emergency due to spread malaria and dengue epidemic fever?
a) Syria
b) Zambia
c) Venxuela
d) Yemen
Ans: 1. (d) Yemen
Yemen has declared a health emergency, as the nation is battling severe cases of malaria and dengue fever. The epidemic has spread over several of Yemen’s norther provinces. Over 116,522 malaria cases and 23,000 dengue cases have been recorded in the country since January 2019.

2. Who has become the Indian to be elected to the board of Metropolitan Museum of Art?
a) Shahrukh Khan
b) Priyanka Chopra
c) Nita Ambani
d) Anupam Kher
Ans: 2. (c) Nita Ambani
Nita Ambani has become the first Indian to be elected to the board of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. The announcement was made by Reliance Foundation on November 13, 2019.

3. In total, how many times has President’s rule been imposed in Maharashtra?
a) Five
b) Four
c) Three
d) Two
Ans: 3. (c) Three
President’s rule has been imposed in Maharashtra for the third time since the state came into existence in May 1960. The last time it was imposed was in 2014 when the then Maharashtra CM Prithviraj Chavan had resigned after the NCP withdrew its support from the Congress-led government.

4. Which country was attacked with over 200 rockets on November 12, 2019?
a) Iran
b) Israel
c) Turkey
d) Egypt
Ans 4. (b) Israel
Israel was attacked with over 200 rockets from militants in the Gaza strip on November 12, 2019. Israel’s Defence Forces claimed that the rockets were fired at Israeli towns and cities after almost every 7 and a half minutes.

5. Who among the following cricketers has been dropped by the ICC from its latest ODI and T20I rankings?
a) Steve Smith
b) David Warner
c) Faf Du Plesis
d) Shakib al Hasan
Ans 5. (d) Shakib al Hasan
Bangladesh’s all-rounder Shakib al Hasan, who is currently serving one-year ban, has been dropped from the latest ICC ODI and T20I player rankings. Shakib was ranked at the top in the list of all-rounders in ODIs and at the second position in T20I rankings.

6. Which country has granted asylum to former Bolivian president Evo Morales?
a) Colombia
b) Venezuela
c) Chile
d) Mexico
Ans: 6. (d) Mexico
Bolivia’s former President Evo Morales has been granted asylum by Mexico. On November 10, Morales resigned due to heavy protest against him in the country. He announced that his life was in threat and he had to flee to Mexico.

7. Over 1,000 migratory birds of different species were found dead in which lake of Rajasthan?
a) Nakki Lake
b) Pichola Lake
c) Sambhar Lake
d) Fateh Sagar Lake
Ans; 7. (c) Sambhar Lake
More than 1,000 migratory birds have been found dead in Sambhar lake near Jaipur, Rajasthan. The exact reason for death of these birds is not yet known. However, the local administration believes that it may have occurred due to polluted water.

8. Who among the following ministers has been recently given the additional charge of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises?
a) Prakash Javdekar
b) Harsimrat Kaur Badal
c) Dharmendra Pradhan
d) Sunny Deol
Ans 8. (a) Prakash Javdekar
Union Cabinet Minister Prakash Javadekar has been given additional charge of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises. He is currently holding the charge of Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

9. Who won the gold medal in the javelin-throw competition at the World Para-Athletics Championships?
a) Ajeet Pal Singh
b) Sundar Singh Gurjar
c) Arjun Singh Malik
d) Devendra Verma
Ans: 9. (b) Sundar Singh Gurjar
Indian player Sundar Singh Gurjar recently won a gold medal at the World Para-Athletics Championship. Sundar Singh won the gold medal with a throw of 61.22 meters. Gurjar won gold in 2013 Leon and silver in 2015 Doha Championships.

10. As per the report of the Parliamentary Committee, what percentage of people die every year in India due to cancer?
a) 54%
b) 60%
c) 68%
d) 72%
Ans: 10. (c) 68%
According to the report of the Parliamentary Committee, about 38 percent of cancer patients are dying every year in developed countries, while in India this figure is 68 percent. It means that the treatment is not reaching to the patients. Last year, 13 lakh new cancer cases were reported in India.

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SBI PO Current Affairs

These current affairs are of 14th November 2019 which could be asked in Bank PO, Bank Clerk, SSC , IBPS PO,  IBPS CLERK, SBI PO, SBI CLERK.

President’s rule in Maharashtra: Know all about it
President’s rule was imposed in Maharashtra on November 12, 2019 upon the recommendation of Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyar. The Maharashtra Governor decided on sending the state under the direct rule of the centre after both the BJP and Shiv Sena failed to form the government within the given deadline. Shiv Sena has approached the apex court protesting against the Governor’s move to reject its request demanding extra time to prove the majority.

Supreme Court upholds disqualification of 17 Karnataka MLAs, allows them to contest by-polls
The Supreme Court has upheld former Karnataka Speaker’s decision to disqualify the 17 rebel MLAs of the Congress and JD(S) in Karnataka. The court has, however, allowed then to contest elections. The MLAs were disqualified by the then Legislative Assembly KR Ramesh Kumar ahead of the floor test of the HD Kumaraswamy government.

Israel under attack: Explained
Israel came under heavy attack early morning on November 12, 2019, after Islamic Jihad terrorists launched over 200 rockets from the Gaza strip into the cities and towns of northern and southern Israel. The attack came after killing of top Islamic Jihad leader, Bahaa Abu al-Ata by Israel in an air raid. Overall, almost 220 rockets have been fired at Israel in the past 27 hours.

Chief Justice of India’s office comes under RTI Act: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court, in a historic ruling, directed that the office of Chief Justice will now come under the Right to Information Act. Earlier the CJI office was kept out of the purview of the RTI act. The Supreme Court stated that the CJI office was a public authority and that its secrecy will remain intact during RTI filing.

Bolivia Crisis: Former president Evo Morales granted asylum by Mexico
Bolivia’s former President Evo Morales was granted asylum by Mexico on humanitarian grounds, as his life was threatened in Bolivia. Evo Morales had resigned as the President of Bolivia recently on November 10, amidst increasing pressure from the military and citizens following allegations of manipulating the election results.

Amazon’s Project Zero launched in India
• Amazon has launched a unique campaign called ‘Project Zero’ in India to block counterfeit goods.
• About 7,000 brands in Europe, Japan and the US have already enrolled under this project. A lot of companies from India are participating in it.
• Amazon uses three tools – Automated projections, Self-service counterfeit removal tool and product serialization.

Nita Ambani named to Board of New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art
• Nita Ambani was recently named to the board of the New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art after years of supporting exhibitions at the biggest US art museum.
• Daniel Brodsky, president of the museum, said that her contribution to preserving and promoting the art and culture of India and “The Mate” is extraordinary.
• Nita Ambani, the wife of Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani, is the Chairman of Reliance Foundation. Reliance Foundation has been supporting ‘The Mate’ since 2016.

Sri Lanka criminalizes match-fixing and sports betting
• The Sri Lankan parliament has passed a bill related to ‘prevention of sports-related crimes’.
• Now, match-fixing in Sri Lanka will be considered as a criminal offence. This new law, related to match-fixing, will apply to every game.
• As per the bill, Sri Lankan cricketers now have to report corrupt approaches to the Sri Lankan Government.

Nicholas Pooran, WI cricketer, banned for 4 international matches
• ICC has banned West Indies cricketer Nicholas Pooran for four international matches. He had tampered the ball in the third ODI against Afghanistan.
• West Indies team player Nicholas Pooran has broken Level 3 of the ICC Code of Conduct.
• It was found in the video footage that Nicholas Pooran is scratching the ball by thumbnail. He will not be able to play the next three T20I and one test match.

Ultima Thule renamed Arrokoth by NASA
• NASA has recently renamed farthest cosmic body, Ultima Thule – Arrokoth or Sky. Earlier, NASA was criticized over the previous name’s Nazi connotations.
• The new name reflects the wondering about the stars and looking at the sky. The name was given because of its natural position.
• Arrokoth also symbolizes ‘icy-object’ which was undisturbed since the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago.

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General Awareness Mock Test Question for 13th November 2019

This Section General Awareness is very Important from Exam Point Of View for Bank PO, Clerk, SSC, Railways and others

1. Which Ministry has launched the Swachh – Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan 2019?
a)Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
b)Ministry of Jal Shakti
c)Ministry of Water Resources
d)Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation
Ans: 1. (a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change launched a a mass cleanliness drive “Swachh – Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan” to make beaches clean and create awareness amongst the citizens. The cleanliness drive will be undertaken at 50 identified beaches during November 11-17, 2019.

2. Which country will host 2023 Men’s Hockey World Cup?
a)Spain
b)India
c)England
d)The Netherlands
Ans 2. (b) India
India will host the Men’s Hockey World Cup 2023. The tournament will be held from January 13 to January 29, 2023. The announcement regarding this was made by the International Hockey Federation (FIH).

3. The Comprehensive Development Plan of which Union Territory was approved recently for its development by 2036?
a)Delhi
b)Puducherry
c)Daman & Diu
d)Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Ans 3. (b) Puducherry
Puducherry Government has approved the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) for the overall growth of the coastal town by 2036. The plan focuses on infrastructure, transportation, housing, tourism, water and other sectors.

4. Who has become the fastest Indian cricketer to take 50 T20I wickets?
a)Yuzvendra Chahal
b)Jasprit Bumrah
c)R Ashwin
d)Deepak Chahar
Ans: 4. (a) Yuzvendra Chahal
Yuzvendra Chahal has become the fastest Indian bowler to take 50 T20I wickets by getting there in 34 matches, beating Jasprit Bumrah and R Ashwin who took 42 and 46 innings respectively to achieve the feat. Chahal reached the milestone durind the 3rd and final T20I between India and Bangladesh at the VCA Stadium in Nagpur.

5. Who resigned as the Union Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises citing moral reasons?
a)Eknath Shinde
b)Sanjay Raut
c)Aaditya Thackeray
d)Arvind Sawant
Ans 5. (d) Arvind Sawant
Shiv Sena’s Arvind Sawant has resigned from his post of Union Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises in the Union Cabinet, citing moral reasons.

6. Which country has retained H-1B visa rule giving work permit to spouses of Indians living in the nation?
a)US
b)UK
c)Canada
d)Australia
Ans 6. (a) US
The United States has retained the H-1B visa rule giving work permit to spouses. The decision brings relief to thousands on Indians living in the United States. The H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows foreign workers to get employment in the US companies in speciality occupations. Indian women are the biggest benefactors of the rule.

7. Which country is hosting 11th BRICS Summit from 13th to 14th November 2019?
a)India
b)South Africa
c)China
d)Brazil
Ans 7. (d) Brazil
Brazil is the host country of 11th BRICS Summit 2019. Theme for this year is – BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future’. BRICS is a group of five emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

8. When National Education Day 2019 is observed?
a)10 November
b)11 November
c)12 November
d)13 November
Ans 8. (b) 11 November
Every year National Education Day is observed on November 11. This day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of India’s first education minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1992.

9. What is the name of the former Election Commissioner, who has passed away recently, who was strongly advocated electoral reforms in India?
a)T Swaminathan
b)Dr. Nagendra Singh
c)RK Dwivedi
d)TN Seshan
Ans: 9. (d) TN Seshan
TN Seshan was passed away on 10 November 2019. He was 10th Chief Election Commissioner of India. He was known as the strongest and most strict CEC of India. TN Seshan is remembered for promoting transparency and fairness in elections.

10. Which party has won the maximum seats in Spain’s General elections?
a)Conservative Popular Party
b)Socialist Workers’ Party
c)Vox Party
d)Green party
Ans: 10. (b) Socialist Workers’ Party
The Socialist Workers’ Party has won the maximum number of seats in Spain’s general election results, which came out on November 10. The party won 120 seats out of a total of 350 seats, falling short of clear majority.

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Daily Current Affairs 11th November 2019

1. Railway Ministry successfully conducted one of the world’s largest recruitment exercises for filling up critical safety and operational posts and has reached its completion stage.

 

2. Four Indian-Americans, including a former White House Technology Policy Adviser, have won state and local elections held in the United States.

 

3. (a) The Ministry of Tourism participated in the three-day-long World Travel Market (WTM) from November 04-06, 2019 in London, UK.

(b) The theme for India Pavilion at WTM 2019 was ‘Incredible India – Find the Incredible India’.

 

4. (a) The Andhra Pradesh Government is set to introduce English medium in government schools for first to eighth standard starting from the next academic year.

(b) Under the programme the basic amenities in schools will be improved and in the first phase it would be taken up in 15,000 schools.

(c) This phase would be completed by March 2020.

 

5.(a) The 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Water Management was held in Pune on 6 November 2019.

(b) It was inaugurated by Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, the Union Minister of Jalshakti.

(c) He announced that India would achieve the target of providing safe drinking water to everyone by 2024.

(d) The conference highlighted the need for the states to work towards seamless data transfer on water.

 

6. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar is on a 3-day visit to Netherlands during which he will hold comprehensive discussion on bilateral and multilateral issues of mutual interest.

 

7. (a)Bihar state government has announced a ban on auto-rickshaws running on diesel on 6 November 2019.

(b) It will be effective from 31 January 2021.

(c) The move comes after Patna recorded the worst air quality of the season in India on 5 November 2019.

(d) The owners of the auto-rickshaws will be encouraged to switch over to Compressed natural gas (CNG) or battery-operated systems.

 

8. (a) The Union Minister for Home Affairs, Amit Shah addressed the 10th Meeting of the Heads of Departments of SCO Member States.

(b) The meeting dealt with the prevention and elimination of emergency situations.

(c) India attaches special importance to SCO as an excellent platform for synergizing the efforts of all member States in the field of multilateral, political, security, etc.

 

9. Legal Services Day: 9th November

 

10. Commerce and Industry and Railway Minister, Piyush Goyal, will be on tour to Brazil and the United States from 9-14 November 2019.

 

11. (a) The Mid Planning Conference (MPC) for MILAN exercise concluded at HQENC Visakhapatnam 08 Nov 19.

(b) The three-day conference was attended by 29 delegates from 17 friendly Foreign Navies.

(c) The scope of exercise planned during the harbour and sea phase of MILAN 2020 was discussed in detail.

(d) MILAN, series of biennial multilateral naval exercise commenced in 1995.

 

12. International Day of Radiology: 8 November

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